Kamis, 26 Mei 2011



Patients with colon cancer can be cured if the malignancy was detected early. Conventional examinations, such as blood tests and digital rectal cryptic, but it can detect cancer at an advanced stage. Now the technique introduced examinations that can detect this cancer early.

Colon cancer (colorectal carcinoma) is a malignancy that occurs in the colon to the rectum. Time is slowly growing cancer, 15-20 years old.

"When detected early, patients recover very big possibility," said the expert oncology hematology Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia (Faculty of medicine), Aru W Sudoyo, the gathering of colon cancer patients in Jakarta.

According to him, as much as 95 percent of colon cancer cases can be treated if found early through testing and detailed inspection. Unfortunately, this has not happened in Indonesia. The majority of patients diagnosed with colon cancer came for a treatment when it was advanced stage. More than 50 percent of cancer patients are unconscious and too late to know the disease.

According to Ibrahim Basir, abdominal surgeon from the Faculty of medicine, there are early symptoms that can be used to detect early colon cancer, among other weight loss accompanied by a change in bowel habits or bowel movements and bleeding.

Other symptoms of diarrhea or constipation without obvious cause for more than six weeks, feel pain in the back of the abdomen, feeling of bloating, or stomach still felt full even have a bowel movement.

"Most people who experience symptoms that are reluctant to see her doctor. They also do not want digital rectal examination is considered shameful, "he said.

In fact, the simplest way to diagnose colon cancer.

Early detection

Digital rectal examination conducted to determine the presence of polyps in the hole at the same time expenditure to determine abnormalities in the prostate. Blood tests conducted in laboratory vague on stool samples of patients to detect blood from polyps.

Two ways it can help give an idea of ??better treatment and more effective. In addition to non-invasive way-before observation intestine (colonoscopy) performed two-introduced in other ways, namely biomolecular detection and examination with barium radioisotopes.

Barium enema examination, namely inserting liquid barium into the colon through the rectum and then identified by x-rays. This examination can detect cancer and polyps of the magnitude exceeding 1 cm.

Recently introduced biomolecular examination for colon cancer in stool samples of patients, the test of tumor M2-PK (M2 pyruvates kinase), which is a marker (biomarker) metabolic tumors.

This marker gene was found E Eigenbrodt of Germany in 1992, then developed Schebo Biotech. On examination measured the metabolic activity of colon tumors at an early stage.

"This method can detect polyps or adenoma that was not bleeding," said Adityawati Ganggaiswari, biomedical experts from Indonesia Cancer Foundation.

DNA testing clinics will be open YKI in Lebak Bulus, Jakarta. Fare is Rp 200,000. Examination of M2-PK in stool samples of patients will be conducted in a laboratory owned by Kalbe Farma, said Adityawati.

YKI addition, there are two hospitals in Jakarta that provides the service.

In the world, colon cancer resulted in the deaths of around 608,000 people. This amount is more than 8 percent of all cancer deaths and ranked fourth type of cancer that causes death. Nearly 60 percent of cases are found in developing countries, including Indonesia.

Related diets

In Indonesia, said Handoko Santoso, Director of Medical and Regulatory Sanofi-Aventis Group of Indonesia, even among young people at high risk for colon cancer. In fact, it was found in children 13 years old.

"This is closely related to changes in diet and lifestyle westernized, especially in urban areas," said Aru.

How wrong diet and unhealthy, that too many foods high in fat and low in fiber, are often exposed to food preservatives and dyes that are not for food. In addition, lifestyle is at risk of colon cancer is smoking, less exercise, and lots of sitting / lack of movement.

To suppress colon cancer cases in developed countries, including the United States, issued under the condition that those aged above 50 years undergoing endoscopy-based detection, such as colonoscopy. With this method, without any symptoms of colon cancer can be found.

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