Minggu, 29 Mei 2011

Beware: Hypertension

High blood pressure is a condition in which a person's blood pressure above normal limits, ie above 120 mmHg for systolic (blood pressure when the heart pumps blood into the arteries), and 80 mmHg diastolic (blood pressure when the heart expands or relaxation).

Prolonged increase in blood pressure can damage blood vessels in most of the body. In several organs such as heart, kidney, brain, and eyes will be damaged. Damage to a number of organs that can cause cardiovascular problems (a series of disorders that attack the heart and blood vessels), including heart attack and stroke.

The older person, the risk for hypertension is also higher because the more rigid blood vessels so the pressure is high sistoliknya. However, hypertension also affects many young people. Usually the main risk factor is diet.

Too much salt intake increases the risk of hypertension. Actually not taste salty to be avoided but the sodium content. The recommended sodium intake is less than 6 grams, equivalent to one teaspoon per day.

According to Susan from Nutrifood Fendy Research Center, not just sodium contained in salt as a spice in cooking but is also found in fast food, processed food such as sausages, instant noodles, tomato sauce and soy sauce. "Sodium can also be found in foods such as donuts or sweet soy sauce," he said.

To create savory taste in cuisine, we can get around the use of salt with spices or choose low-sodium food products.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a disease that is common with age. However, this disease now affects more and more young people. In America, about 1 in 5 people aged less than 35 years of suffering from hypertension.

Because not cause symptoms, many people ignore hypertension. In fact, this disease is closely related to heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure.

Research conducted the National Institutes of Health America of 14,000 people aged 24-32 years found 19 percent of respondents suffered from high blood pressure.

The cause of hypertension is generally difficult to determine and this situation associated with a history of hypertension in the family. That is why habits blood pressure checked regularly is a good habit for health.

Although hypertension drugs advancing, primary hypertension therapy always begins with lifestyle modifications that include dining arrangements, avoiding excessive salt intake, and exercising regularly. If efforts are not successful nonfarmakologis, used new hypertension drug.

Currently there are estimated 76 percent of hypertension cases in people who have not been diagnosed. This is because people do not realize they have hypertension.

Hypertension or commonly known as high blood disease is an abnormal increase in blood pressure, both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Under normal circumstances, systolic blood pressure (when the heart pumps blood) of less than 120 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (when the heart breaks) is less than 80 mmHg.

Indonesian Society of Hypertension (Perhi) make restrictions that called hypertension is a condition in which systolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure above 85 mmHg. Blood pressure is called optimal if in the range of 120 mmHg/70 mmHg.

World Hypertension Day this year themed "Know Your Numbers, Your Target Blood Pressure" which in its Indonesian version reads "Know Your Blood Pressure and Control". The theme was very appropriate for Indonesian conditions because at this time hypertension has emerged as a serious problem of public health.

High prevalence

Health Research Association (Riskesdas) in 2007, held the Ministry of Health indicates, the prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia (by measuring blood pressure) is very high, namely 31.7 percent of the total adult population. This prevalence is much higher compared with Singapore (27.3 percent), Thailand (22.7 percent), and Malaysia (20 percent).

Hypertension can indeed be regarded as the silent killer or the silent killer. Hypertension usually occurs without symptoms (asymptomatic). Most people do not feel anything, although his blood pressure was well above normal. This can take many years until finally the patient (who do not feel suffering) falls into a state of emergency and heart disease, stroke, or kidney damage. This complication led to death of so many who are listed as the cause of death was complications.

In this case, the following developments should be listened to. Coronary heart disease, for example-that are closely related to hypertension-was slowly but surely creeping up as the main cause of death in Indonesia. In Household Health Survey (SKRT) held the Ministry of Health in 1972, he still was ranked 11th.

In the 1986 Household Health Survey surprisingly rose hypertension ranked 3rd. Since the Household Health Survey 1992, then 1995, then 2001, its position has been reached to-1 sequence. Within 20 years, from sequence to sequence-11 bolted to the first and lasted until now.

Thus, the silent killer is really like a terrorist. Hypertension many years attacking our bodies in secret and sudden in a heartbeat cause death or at least dysfunction (motion, speech, memory, and so on).

We have an alarming tendency. Some twenty years ago hypertension and various complications of weight known as a disease which only attacks the elderly people (aged 50 years and over). However, in recent years, many common cases of sudden death, paralysis, or stroke who attack young people (under 50 years).

Thus, "the terrorists" began to invade the productive age group is the backbone of the economy. If this is allowed, it could be all the productive age group of us will have hypertension. How horrible!

Lifestyle factors

Indeed, many risk factors for the rising cases of hypertension. However, experts generally agree that the main risk factor is the behavior or lifestyle (life style). That is why the 5th Scientific Meeting on Hypertension, held by Perhi on 26-27 February 2011 entitled "Hypertension and Risk Factors Interaction: Preventing Cardiovascular Complications by Life Style Modification."

We used to eat a lot pecel, gado-gado, lotek, Karedok, and the like that is rich in vegetables. However, in recent decades, we, especially children, are no longer fond of the food because it is more fond of hamburgers, donuts, pizza, meatballs, and instant noodles as well.

Riskesdas 2007 showed that 93.6 percent of Indonesia's population eating less fruit and vegetables. Potato chips (potato chips) and the like which is a hawker high salinity is also a favorite of children.

Riskesdas 2007 report, nearly a quarter (24.5 percent) of Indonesia's population aged over 10 years of eating salty foods every day. Thus, consumption of salt in our society is relatively high at 15 grams per person per day. This figure is far from the recommended maximum limit, which is 6 grams, or about 1 teaspoon per person per day. Salt is one ingredient that must be reduced if a person wants to avoid hypertension.

Lack of movement is also a risk factor is quite prominent at this time. Advances in technology which penetrated even to the villages has been very spoiled people. Walking or biking is replaced by a motorcycle taxi or public transportation. Stairs replaced with an elevator or escalator. The kids who used to play rounders or hide and seek that much more fun to run now or online play Playstation games that only require movement of the fingers.

Riskesdas 2007 showed that 48.2 percent of Indonesia's population of less physical activity. Overweight (obesity) will trigger the occurrence of hypertension in people who have a sensitivity derivative. These are compounded by other bad habits, like smoking, consuming alcohol, and stress. From Riskesdas 2007 note that 23.7 percent of population aged 10 years and over smoked daily.

Therefore, people's lifestyle should be changed immediately. It is not easy because it also means changes to the system of values ​​and norms, in addition to improving knowledge and attitudes. Actually this time the seeds into the direction of change was beginning to look, for example by increasing the number of people who like walking or cycling. However, it still needs to institutionalization to the system that can accelerate changes in the seeds that became the nation's culture as a whole.

Back to nature, drink plenty of water, eating fruits and vegetables, avoid eating meat and that would avoid all foods that are too salty and savory, this is the most secure solution and inexpensive to get to a better life.

(Various sources)


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